Bad advice can come from well-meaning friends and professionals.
Patient A was a wholly untrained artist. His main source of joy was making exquisite paintings that belonged in a children’s book. He was told by several friends that he should paint portraits or still-lifes or landscapes. He stopped painting entirely and lost his main source of joy.
Patient B suffered from severe anxiety, depression and sudden mood changes. He was emotionally constricted and unaware. His love of music was his only clear emotional outlet. “You’re hiding behind music. Stop!” a therapist told him. He stopped. And his condition deteriorated.